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Cameroon: A Bororo Herder Loses his Life over Agro-pastoral Conflict in Northern Adamawa
Category :- Culture Author :- N Gelmin S 
Posted on November 13, 2020, 3:30 pm
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The Nyamboya village in the department of Mayo-Banyo is currently the refuge of several Bororo herders who fled the Lingam village, more than 50 km away, after the death of one of their brother who was stabbed by a farmer.


The Bororo herder lost his life in the Lingam village, Northern Region of Cameroon after a dispute with a local farmer.

The most common land dispute in Cameroon is among the Bororos and local communities around hilly areas or grazing lands. As nomads, the Bororos rarely own a specific land of their own on which their herds can graze. This accounts for the common land conflicts between them and some rural communities.

It is hard to say that this set of people are forbidden to buy grazing land in some communities but seemingly, due to the threat that the animals pose to crop cultivation, the herders are refused access to permanent land.

The inability to be in legal position of a land makes the Bororos weak before the law that settles agro pastoral conflicts. This race tends to be marginalized and sometimes pay with their lives.

According to local sources, it all started from an agro-pastoral conflict that pits Bororo herders against farmers in the village of Lingam, where grazing land favors the activity of the shepherds.

Identified as Haminou Issa, the Bororo shepherd is said to have entered the corn field of a farmer living in the village and caused enormous damage. Instead of relying on the law by filing a complaint to seek redress, the farmer did himself justice: he stabbed the shepherd several times, who died instantly.


Despite the investigation opened by the Bankim gendarmerie brigade, reports show that this farmer continues to go about his business normally and is protected by his family. When confronted, the brigade commander is said to have declined to comment on the subject.

Before leaving Lingam village for Nyamboya, the nomads were chased from the village lands with all their herds with no one to assist them but for the Chief of Nyamboya who welcomed them temporally.

According to sources, the chief of Nyamboya, as a safety measure, found a place to allow the pastors to keep their animals, pending the end of the investigation opened by the gendarmerie unit. 

According to an inhabitant of Lingam, where they had taken refuge for many years before now, these nomads are from Chad and Nigeria but seem to have over stayed their welcome.

Further research shows that the rules imposed on the Bororos in Lingam are never favorable to their development. For example, it is forbidden to sell land to Bororos, a local source hinted.

In Nyamboya where the village chief has decided to host the stranded herders, many residents are for their eviction from the land.

“The hatred against the Bororos does not date from today, I was mayor of the municipality of Bankim for more than 15 years. Each time I have always been challenged by the Mambilla, the Yamba, the Kwandja and other ethnic groups who asked me to expel the Bororo inhabitants. Out of humanism I have always tried to find a solution to let these shepherds live in remote corners. It is the only refuge they could have,” the Mayor of the area, Njowe Philipe explained.


All these agro-pastoral conflicts are provoked by the animals as the herders often let them lose into farms where they damage cops of the local farmers.

According to Senator Mohamadou Djafarou of Adamaoua, the person bringing such complaints must pay a sum between CFAF50,000 and CFAF100,000 to the commission so that it goes down into the field with experts to carry out investigations. Then the files are sent to the court to decide between the parties. 

However, a local chief of the area say in Adamaoua, when an agro-pastoral conflict is triggered, if it concerns a Bororo, it is directly condemned. “We don’t give a lot of respect to these populations,” the chief said.

It is worth noting that just the thought that the Bororo man is not equal to other men is a flagrant violation of article 24 of the declaration of human rights related to indigenous peoples. It stipulates that “indigenous peoples have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest possible standard of health and well-being”.

It is also a violation of the international pact of civil and political rights which says that “all men are created equal, they are endowed by the creator with certain inalienable rights among which the right to life”. 


The Northern region is not the only part in Cameroon where agro-pastoral conflicts are common. In the North West Region, it has always been the case, though the people, due to their hospitable nature have managed to live permanently with the Bororos but the conflict has never been absent.

Though these rural communities find it difficult to commune with this race due to the inconveniences their activities cause, Cameroon is a signatory of these international rights and has as duty of implementing them.

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